Shock absorbers are an important part of automobile. In a vehicle, it reduces the effect of traveling over rough ground, leading to improved ride quality.
Without shock absorbers, the vehicle would have a bouncing ride, as energy is stored in the spring and then released to the vehicle, possibly exceeding the allowed range of suspension movement.
A strut is a structural component designed to resist longitudinal compression. Struts provide outwards-facing support in their lengthwise direction, which can be used to keep two other components separate, performing the opposite function of a tie.
They are commonly used in architecture and engineering, for instance as components of an automobile chassis, where they can be passive braces to reinforce the chassis and/or body, or active components of the suspension.
Spring shock absorbers commonly use coil springs or leaf springs, though torsion bars can be used in torsional shocks as well.
Ideal springs alone, however, are not shock absorbers as springs only store and do not dissipate or absorb energy. Vehicles typically employ both springs or torsion bars as well as hydraulic shock absorbers.
In this combination, "shock absorber" is reserved specifically for the hydraulic piston that absorbs and dissipates vibration.
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